Manual Method of Installing Home Assistant in Raspberry Pi

There are number of ways available to run your own Home Assistant installation including downloading ready images comes Home Assistant pre-installed in it. Here we are discussing a manual method of installing Home Assistant in Raspberry Pi already running latest Raspbian OS in it.


Manual Method of Installing Home Assistant in Raspberry Pi:

Step I: Installing the software dependencies:

  • Update the operating system.
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade -y
  • Installing the dependencies such as python etc.
sudo apt-get install python3 python3-dev python3-venv python3-pip libffi-dev libssl-dev
  • Creating an user account for home assistant.
sudo useradd -rm homeassistant -G dialout,gpio,i2c
  • Creating directories for installation of home assistant.
cd /srv
sudo mkdir homeassistant
sudo chown homeassistant:homeassistant homeassistant
  • create and change to a virtual environment for Home Assistant.
sudo -u homeassistant -H -s
cd /srv/homeassistant
python3 -m venv .
source bin/activate
  • Install a required python package.
python3 -m pip install wheel

Step II: Installing & Running the Home Assistant:

  • Installing Home Assistant package.
pip3 install homeassistant
  • Running the Home Assistant.
  • For the first time, hass command will download, install and cache the necessary libraries/dependencies which may take 5 to 10 minutes.
  • Once procedure is completed, you can reach the Home Assistant Web Interface at http://ipaddress:8123.

Step III: Auto Start Home Assistant on reboot:

  • Creating systemd service file for Home Assistant.
sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/hass.service

Note: You may encounter a situation, where you will be asked for a password for a user homeassistant on issuing the command given above. To avoid this issue, just open a new ssh session / terminal with user pi.

  • Paste the following contents in the Nano editor using Right mouse key.
Description=Home Assistant


  • Save the file by pressing “CTRL” and “X” key. Editor will ask for the confirmation to save the file. Press “Y” key and hit “Enter”.
  • Reload systemd configuration.
sudo systemctl daemon-reload
  • Enable hass  service to start at boot.
sudo systemctl enable hass
  • Starting hass  service
sudo systemctl start hass.service


Have Fun!

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